Side Parallax Correction

SIDE PARALLAX

Parallax error occurs when the image of the target is not focused on the reticle plane. It's visible as an apparent movement between the reticle and the target when the shooter moves their head or, in extreme cases, as an out-of-focus image.

If you're going to be shooting at significantly varying distances, you should look for a riflescope with parallax correction. Side focus parallax correction (SF) is significantly easier to use in the field than the traditional adjustable objective (front, or "AO") parallax adjustment, and allows you to see where it's set without moving your head well away from your shooting position. Not having the additional ring on the objective of your scope (found in AO equivalents) also means you can mount a scope with side parallax adjustment a little lower on your rifle.

An easy way to visualize parallax is to hold a finger from each hand pointed at each other – one pointing up, one down (as pictured in figure 1). Let’s pretend the top hand represents the target, the bottom hand your riflescopes reticle / cross-hair. Move your head from side to side – and of course the fingers stay aligned. Now, move the top hand further away from you (as in figure 2). Move your head from side to side again (without moving your fingers), and just like a scope with parallax not set to the distance of your target, you’ll see a shift in relation of one hand to the other. Parallax correction can allow you to bring the two together again - regardless of distance:

 

Parallax

 

Scope with side parallax